Tuesday, 14 May 2024 00:00

Causes of Swollen Feet

Foot swelling, or edema, is characterized by excess fluid accumulation in the feet and ankles, leading to puffiness and discomfort. Various factors can contribute to swelling in the feet, such as pregnancy, where the added weight and pressure from carrying a baby can cause fluid retention in the lower extremities. Injuries like fractures or sprains can also trigger swelling as the body responds to the trauma. Medical conditions, such as heart failure or kidney disease, can disrupt the body's fluid balance, leading to edema. Certain medications, including those for blood pressure and antidepressants, may also induce fluid retention. Extended periods of standing or sitting can cause blood to pool in the feet and ankles, which aggravates swelling. Treatment involves addressing the underlying cause, with options that may include rest and physical therapy for injuries, medication, or lifestyle changes for medical conditions. If you're dealing with persistent foot swelling, seeking guidance from a podiatrist is essential. This foot and ankle doctor can pinpoint the cause and recommend suitable treatment strategies. It is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for an exam and treatment options.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact Warren Levy, DPM of Armitage Podiatry Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Chicago, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


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